Ham Radio, or Amateur Radio, is good for communicating in your local community, across the world, and even outer space without the need for your phone, internet, or the electric grid. It’s for these reasons that Amateur Radio is popular amongst emergency responders, preppers, and folks looking to tinker around with radios.
The FCC states that “An applicant must provide sufficient information for the FCC to determine whether there is new material and substantial question of fact regarding whether the applicant has the character qualifications to be a Commission licensee.”
Long story short its not a guarantee to be issued a license upon the successful completion of your license exam, but its worth a shot depending on your individual circumstances.
It depends. Typical starter radios like the BaoFeng UV-5R have a range of about 5 miles without the use of local repeaters. When you are able to connect one of these little handheld radios to a repeater, you vastly increase the range by hundreds of miles.
If you’re using an HF radio, and have a General Class license, you can regularly talk 500+ miles or more with a simple set up.